Dollar Edges Up Against EUR, Crude Falls with Stocks

The Dollar took a break from its bearish run versus the EUR yesterday, but the long term trend could continue today. Driving yesterday's reversal were losses in U.S. equities and stronger manufacturing data from the U.S. Today's trading will be highlighted by key data releases from Europe and Britain, perhaps returning the EUR/USD to its bullish streak.

USD - USD Profits as Stocks Sell Off

The U.S. Dollar held small gains late Thursday as pessimism about the strength of the economic outlook put selling pressure on stocks and higher-yielding currencies. The currency had been lower earlier with stocks rising after the Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia's index on manufacturing jumped far more than forecast this month.

The U.S Dollar also traded higher against the Yen at 91.21, up from 90.84 yen Wednesday. The Dollar sank to a seven-month low against the Japanese currency on Wednesday. The Dollar's slide against the yen picked up pace after Japan's Finance Minister Hirohisa Fujii said a strong yen had advantages for the nation's economy.

The Dollar has been on the ropes in recent weeks, with the Dollar index losing 2.41% this month. Pressure has been tied in part to rising risk appetite, which has seen investors shun the greenback's safe-haven status in favor of equities and other assets.

Still analysts expect the U.S Dollar to resume its more traditional relationship with economic data, rising with positive economic news and falling when the outlook for the U.S. turns gloomier.

EUR - Euro Hit 1-year Peak vs. the U.S Dollar

The European currency held onto gains to hover near a 1-year highs against the U.S. Dollar on Friday, as equities and commodities advanced on expectations of economic recovery, putting pressure on the greenback. It advanced a 3rd day to $1.4716 and yesterday reached $1.4737, the strongest level since last September. The EUR has gained more than 2.5% this month, riding improved investor confidence and expectations that U.S. rates are likely to stay at rock bottom for some time.

The EUR also traded near a 4 month high versus the Pound before a German report today that may show the pace of decline in producer prices slowed, providing more evidence the 16-nation region's economy is emerging from the recession. The pound traded near its lowest since May as a report yesterday showed the jobless rate in the U.K. rose to the highest since 1995.

The 16-nation currency rose above 98 pence for the first time on Dec. 30. It advanced a third day to $1.4716 and yesterday reached $1.4737, the strongest level since Sept. 25, 2008. The Sterling is likely to weaken in the coming months as the government needs to rein in spending and its central bank is likely to retain an expansionary monetary policy, analysts said.

JPY - Yen Gains after BOJ's Shirakawa Comments

The Japanese yen had gained after Japan's new finance minister said currencies were not moving rapidly and that he opposed currency intervention as long as market moves were moderate. The Yen rose to the day's high against the Dollar pushing the U.S. currency down more than 0.2% on the day to around 90.60 yen. The pair traded around 90.90 yen before the comments.

The yen also got a boost after Bank of Japan (BOJ) Governor Masaaki Shirakawa said a stronger yen would push down prices in the near term but might support the economy in the longer run. The Japanese currency jumped versus the EUR, which trimmed earlier gains and slid to the day's trough of 133.54 yen, down slightly on the day.

OIL - Crude Oil Trades Lower as USD Firms

Crude Oil finished slightly lower after a volatile session Thursday, as the U.S Dollar firmed and traders digested upbeat economic news and a bigger-than-expected drop in U.S. stockpiles in the previous session. Crude earlier rose to a high of $73.16 a barrel and fell to a low of $70.40 a barrel.

On Wednesday, Oil rose more than 2% after the Energy Department reported a bigger-than-expected drop of 4.7 million barrels in U.S. stockpiles of the commodity in the week ended Sept. 11. Oil remains unable to top the upper end of its trading range at $73 a barrel without a new trigger, analysts said.

Oil has tracked equities markets closely in recent months as dealers look to stocks as a leading indicator of an economic recovery that could boost ailing energy demand. What happens to the Dollar, stock market and Gold are now driving the Oil market on a daily basis. A weaker Dollar can fuel purchases of Oil and other Dollar-denominated commodities, as they become relatively less expensive to non-Dollar holding investors.

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US Dollar Rises on Safety Demand as Stocks Retreat in Asian Trading (Euro Open)

The US Dollar gained as stocks sold off in Asian trading on news that Japan’s third-largest consumer lender will suspend debt payments to its creditors, boosting demand for the safety-linked currency. German PPI, Euro Zone Current Account, and UK Public Borrowing figures are on tap ahead.

Key Overnight Developments

• Japan’s Third-Largest Consumer Lender to Suspend Debt Payments
• Hong Kong Monetary Authority Deputy Chief Says Mortgage Rates Too Low
• Euro, British Pound Decline as Stock Losses Boost the US Dollar

Critical Levels

The Euro lost as much as -0.4% against the US Dollar, testing below the 1.47 level in overnight trading. The British Pound was weaker still, slipping as much as -0.6% against the greenback.

Asia Session Highlights

Currency markets took their cues from stock exchanges in overnight trading, with the safety-linked US Dollar rising by as much as 0.3% on average against its major counterparts as stock exchanges in overnight trading. US equity index futures are trading firmly in negative territory ahead of the opening bell in Europe, suggesting risk-taking is likely to remain subdued and hinting at further gains for the greenback.

Asian exchanges declined on reports that Aiful Corp, Japan’s third-largest consumer lender, was going to suspend debt payments to its creditors citing fund-raising problems. Most worryingly, this may be a part of a larger problem: Japan’s government has capped the interest rates that consumer lenders can charge borrowers and mandated reimbursements of overcharged interest, meaning other major firms may follow Aiful’s lead.

Separately, Hong Kong Monetary Authority Deputy Chief Executive Y.K. Choi said that the city’s banks have lowered mortgage rates “to such an extent that they might not have given due regard to the reputation risk, interest rate risk and liquidity risk potentially associated with their pricing,” stoking fears that policymakers will push for higher borrowing costs and take the steam out of the rebound in asset prices.

Euro Session: What to Expect

German Producer Prices are set to show that the pace of contraction in wholesale prices slowed for the first time in 13 months in August, rising to -7.2% from a record-low -7.8% recorded in the previous month. The uptick likely reflects the recent rebound in energy prices – an index tracking energy costs from Bloomberg and UBS has rebounded over 54% since bottoming in February. While this foreshadows some moderation in deflationary pressure on consumer prices (the benchmark gauge of the price level) in the months ahead, the strength and durability of any rebound remains uncertain. Although economic growth has started to stabilize on the back of broad-based fiscal stimulus, low interest rates, and the inventory restocking cycle, unemployment rates have continued to press higher and will surely lead to anemic private demand once expansionary policy runs its course. Indeed, the International Energy Agency has forecast that global oil demand will remain firmly below its 2004-2008 average through the end of next year, working against sustainable gains in PPI growth.

The Euro Zone Current Account may post a surplus in six months in July following yesterday’s better-than-expected Trade Balance result for the same period as exports surged by 4.1%. The capital side of the equation also looks supportive: Euro area stock markets gained 9.8% while the currency advanced 0.1% on average against its major counterparts. Most interestingly, any improvement over June’s -0.3 billion euro outcome will amount to a break out of the downward trajectory that has guided the metric lower since the peak in June 2007. While it is early to be certain at the moment, this could be hinting at the formation of long-term fundamental support for a stronger Euro if it marks a sustained trend change in the regional bloc’s external position.

In the UK, the Public Sector Net Borrowing report is expected to show that the government deficit expanded by a whopping 17.6 billion pounds in August, the most since May. Public debt has swelled by a whopping 73.1 billion points so far this year and is expected to average 13% of the economy’s total output, the most among the G10 nations. To that effect, the data’s release may prove to weigh on the British Pound, stoking fears that Europe’s third-largest economy could face a cut of its sovereign credit rating.

Written by Ilya Spivak, Currency Analyst
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What is Forex?

If you would go out on a dinner with your friends or family and you mentioned that you were trading on the Forex market most of them wouldn’t know what you were talking about. The worst thing is that most of the Forex traders that join the Forex market don’t know what they are doing. Understanding what Forex is, is the first good step to your success at Forex trading.

The foreign exchange market (Currency, Forex, or FX) is where currency trading takes place. It is where banks and other official institutions facilitate the buying and selling of foreign currencies. Forex transactions typically involve one party purchasing a quantity of one currency in exchange for paying a quantity of another. The foreign exchange market that we see today started evolving during the 1970s when world over countries gradually switched to floating exchange rate from their erstwhile exchange rate regime, which remained fixed as per the Bretton Woods system till 1971.

Today, the Forex market is one of the largest and most liquid financial markets in the world, and includes trading between large banks, central banks, currency speculators, corporations, governments, and other institutions. The average daily volume in the global foreign exchange and related markets is continuously growing. Traditional daily turnover was reported to be over US$3.2 trillion in April 2007 by the Bank for International Settlements. Since then, the market has continued to grow. According to Euromoney's annual Forex Poll, volumes grew a further 41% between 2007 and 2008.

Forex Turnover

Forex Turnover
Main foreign exchange market turnover, 1988 - 2007, measured in billions of USD.
The purpose of Forex market is to facilitate trade and investment. The need for a foreign exchange market arises because of the presence of multifarious international currencies such as US Dollar, Pound Sterling, Yen, etc., and the need for trading in such currencies. Since you aren’t buying anything physical this kind of trading can be confusing. When buying a currency think of it as buying a part in that particular country’s economy because the currency rate reflects the economical situation of the country when compared to others.


List of most popular currencies on the Forex market

Forex used to be a closed market because only the “big boys” because you needed between 10 and 50 million $ to open an account. But today, with the development of internet, online Forex brokers have the possibility to offer their services to “little” traders. All you need to start is a computer, fast internet connection and information which you can find on this page also.

This enormous market is like the dangerous sea where you can meet lots of sharks and dangerous waters but at the same time it is the only one where two weeks of trading can hypothetically bring you $1,000,000 out of $1,000 of initial investment.

This is certainly hypothetically because a lot of newbie traders deal with their trades as gambling, that surely bring them to having nothing in the end. You should always keep the phrase "be careful!" in your mind. This market would give you its profit possibilities only if you learn the basic things hard and make lots of demo trading.

The statistics is that as much as 95% of traders come to losing their money at Forex, 5% have profit and less than 1% of traders make large fortune at Forex. You shouldn't produce, sell or advertise anything trading at Forex. Your assets are your knowledge, experience and a small amount of cash.

This market is a platform for banks, transnational corporations and individual traders to change the currencies they possess into other ones. This is the spot Forex market. At this market you can trade with up to 1:400 leverage which means that you'll get $400 on your account for each dollar invested. So, you can trade with the $400,000 sum having invested $1,000 onto your account.

Forex is unique among other world markets because in any time of day and night, somewhere in the world, a financial centre is open for business, banks and corporations exchange currency all the time, with a little lower frequency during the weekend.

Why to trade on Forex?

1. There is no commission fee for trading at Forex.
2. There is no intermediary, you can trade directly at Forex.
3. Forex is open 24-hours a day.
4. Nobody can influence the market for a longer period.
5. High liquidity.
6. Free demo accounts, analysis and charts.
7. Small accounts that allow everyone to try out his luck.

Hope this has answered a lot of questions you were asking yourself about Forex and that you can now start trading. Also make sure that you check out other articles on this blog which can help you earn your fortune.

Good luck to everyone!