Global Stock Rally Dominates USD Trading

Witnessing a steady decline during yesterday's trading sessions, the USD became weakened as traders unwound their Dollar buy positions in exchange for riskier assets, such as stocks. The global stock market rally seen yesterday may have been one of the leading causes of the Dollar's depreciation. With recent market optimism, traders may continue to see a small downward trend in the U.S. Dollar, as its positions are unwound in exchange for higher yielding assets.

USD - Dollar Outlook Remains Weak

The USD continued its decline against the EUR, as well as other risk sensitive currencies on Wednesday. However, the overall direction of the market was subdued due to unsteady equity markets. While the Dollar sentiment is bearish, the EUR seems unable to really take off. On Wednesday, the Dollar index was at 78.745, down from 78.920 on Tuesday

Strong performances from the stock markets continue to put downward pressure on the Dollar, as investors move to riskier higher yielding assets. Furthermore, the Dollar outlook suffers from concerns over U.S monetary policy. With growing uncertainty about the framework of the monetary and fiscal policies, particularly in light of the proposed health care reform, the outlook on the Dollar looks very weak despite the Fed's and Treasury's assurances.

Looking ahead to today, several important news releases are expected from the U.S, including the Unemployment Claims at 12:30 GMT and the Existing Home Sales at 14:00 GMT. These indicators are very important since they are leading indicators of economic health and tend to create great market volatility.

EUR - EUR Rises on Weaker Dollar

The EUR experienced a moderate rise against the Dollar and Yen yesterday. Late Wednesday, the EUR was at $1.4211 from $1.4197 late Tuesday and at ¥132.96 from ¥133.01. The Pound depreciated 0.3% to 153.92 Yen, and traded at 86.41 pence versus the EUR. The British Pound also appreciated slightly versus the Dollar, trading at $1.6463 from $1.6436.

The Pound's drop against the EUR came after the National Institute of Economic and Social Research stated that home values will resume their decline. The institute also predicted Gross Domestic Product (GDP) will shrink by 0.4% in the second quarter, slightly worse the 0.3% expected by economists. Also putting downward pressure on the Pound were losses in equities throughout the trading day.

While no major news releases are expected from the Euro-Zone today, traders should follow the release of British Retail Sales that is due at 8:30 GMT. As this is a leading indicator of economic activity, it is likely to cause great volatility for the GBP pairs.

Yen - Yen Benefits from Stock Market Losses

The Yen gained for a fourth day against the Dollar, and for a second day against the EUR yesterday following a larger than expected second-quarter loss by Morgan Stanley, as well as a statement by Wells Fargo & Co. stating that bad loans jumped. The Yen traded at 132.87 per EUR from 133.18 and at 93.56 versus the Dollar from 93.68 yesterday.

With reports from CIT Group Inc. and American Express Co., risk aversion today will likely stay prominent as the expectation is for weak earnings announcements. As the Yen is highly sensitive to moves in the equity markets, any negative earnings reports will revive risk aversion among investors and push them toward the safety of the Japanese currency. The Yen may also rise today ahead of the U.S Unemployment Claims report which is expected to show an increase in claims.

Crude Oil - Oil Prices Slide on Disappointing Inventories Report

Crude Oil for September delivery settled down 21 cents, or 0.3%, at $65.40 a barrel Wednesday, snapping a five-day rally following the release of slightly worse than expected U.S Oil inventories. However, losses were limited due to a weak Dollar and equity gains.

With inventories remaining high and OPEC members not sticking to quotas, there is still too much supply and not enough demand. While rising equity markets and a weak Dollar continue to push Oil prices up, the fundamentals are still weak and do not supports another rally to the $70 price level. Furthermore, any negative news from the stock market, or signs of a faltering economic recovery might send Oil back to the $60 level.

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British Pound to Look Past Retail Sales, Home Loans Data to Trade on Risk Appetite (Euro Open)

The British Pound is likely to look past an upswing in Retail Sales and a continued rebound in Home Loans data to fall in with trends in risk appetite as another round of key earnings reports crosses the wires in European hours. Japan’s trade surplus expanded for the third month in June as imports continued to tumble.

Key Overnight Developments

• Japanese Trade Surplus Grows as Imports Continue to Tumble
• Euro, British Pound Little Changed Despite Overnight Stock Gains

Critical Levels

The Euro tested below 1.42 and rebounded as high as 1.4243 but stands little changed ahead of the opening bell in Europe. The British Pound followed a similar dynamic, oscillating around the 1.6470 level.

Asia Session Highlights

Japan’s Merchandise Trade Balance surplus expanded for the third consecutive month, rising to 508 billion yen in June from 298.2 billion in May. We argued the likelihood of such an outcome in our Japanese Yen weekly forecast, noting that the abysmal job market will surely continue to weigh on imports. Indeed, inbound shipments tumbled -41.9% from a year before while exports shed -35.7%. More of the same is likely in the months ahead as unemployment continues to push higher: a survey of economists conducted by Bloomberg suggests the jobless rate surpassed 5% in the second quarter and will approach the 6% mark by the second half of 2010 while minutes from the last meeting of the Bank of Japan revealed policymakers expect consumption to remain weak as “the employment and income situation [is] likely to become increasingly severe”.

Euro Session: What to Expect

UK Retail Sales are set to swing back into positive territory in June, growing at an annualized rate of 2.1% after shrinking -1.6% in the year to May, the most in 17 years. A rebound in retail spending seems to bolster expectations from NIESR, a closely watched London-based think thank, that forecast the economy probably shrank just -0.4% in the second quarter, the smallest drop in a year. NIESR has argued that “the U.K. economy is now stagnating rather than continuing to contract at a sharp pace.” Notably, the apparent signs of stabilization may not translate into meaningful gains for the British Pound. Retail sales figures have exhibited extraordinary volatility since the beginning of this year: annualized receipts grew 2.6% in January, dropped -1.5% in February, then gained 0.9% and 2.7% in the following two months before plunging again in May. This suggests traders will be wary of taking even a sharp improvement at face value, waiting for a discernable trend to be established. Cues from the labor market seem to point to subdued retail activity for the time being, with the jobless rate to approach 9% by the end of next year for the first time since 1994, trimming disposable incomes and weighing on spending.

Separately, BBA Loans for House Purchases will probably continue to rebound in June, extending a move higher that began after the metric set a record low in November 2008. The metric closely tracks the GfK measure of consumer confidence; indeed, indeed, 24-month rolling studies show the two are 96.6% correlated. Consumer confidence rose to a 14-month high in June, suggesting the BBA report will follow.

On balance, risk trends are likely to remain as the primary driver of forex price action. A number of notable earnings releases are on tap in European hours: ABB Ltd, the world’s largest maker of electricity grids, and Cie. de Saint-Gobain SA, Europe’s top supplier of construction materials, are set to report that profits fell by a staggering 42% and 83% respectively in the second quarter. Credit Suisse, Switzerland’s largest bank by market value, may help support shares in the Financials sector with expectations calling for the second consecutive quarter of profits driven by trading revenue.

Written by Ilya Spivak, Currency Analyst
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What is Forex?

If you would go out on a dinner with your friends or family and you mentioned that you were trading on the Forex market most of them wouldn’t know what you were talking about. The worst thing is that most of the Forex traders that join the Forex market don’t know what they are doing. Understanding what Forex is, is the first good step to your success at Forex trading.

The foreign exchange market (Currency, Forex, or FX) is where currency trading takes place. It is where banks and other official institutions facilitate the buying and selling of foreign currencies. Forex transactions typically involve one party purchasing a quantity of one currency in exchange for paying a quantity of another. The foreign exchange market that we see today started evolving during the 1970s when world over countries gradually switched to floating exchange rate from their erstwhile exchange rate regime, which remained fixed as per the Bretton Woods system till 1971.

Today, the Forex market is one of the largest and most liquid financial markets in the world, and includes trading between large banks, central banks, currency speculators, corporations, governments, and other institutions. The average daily volume in the global foreign exchange and related markets is continuously growing. Traditional daily turnover was reported to be over US$3.2 trillion in April 2007 by the Bank for International Settlements. Since then, the market has continued to grow. According to Euromoney's annual Forex Poll, volumes grew a further 41% between 2007 and 2008.

Forex Turnover

Forex Turnover
Main foreign exchange market turnover, 1988 - 2007, measured in billions of USD.
The purpose of Forex market is to facilitate trade and investment. The need for a foreign exchange market arises because of the presence of multifarious international currencies such as US Dollar, Pound Sterling, Yen, etc., and the need for trading in such currencies. Since you aren’t buying anything physical this kind of trading can be confusing. When buying a currency think of it as buying a part in that particular country’s economy because the currency rate reflects the economical situation of the country when compared to others.


List of most popular currencies on the Forex market

Forex used to be a closed market because only the “big boys” because you needed between 10 and 50 million $ to open an account. But today, with the development of internet, online Forex brokers have the possibility to offer their services to “little” traders. All you need to start is a computer, fast internet connection and information which you can find on this page also.

This enormous market is like the dangerous sea where you can meet lots of sharks and dangerous waters but at the same time it is the only one where two weeks of trading can hypothetically bring you $1,000,000 out of $1,000 of initial investment.

This is certainly hypothetically because a lot of newbie traders deal with their trades as gambling, that surely bring them to having nothing in the end. You should always keep the phrase "be careful!" in your mind. This market would give you its profit possibilities only if you learn the basic things hard and make lots of demo trading.

The statistics is that as much as 95% of traders come to losing their money at Forex, 5% have profit and less than 1% of traders make large fortune at Forex. You shouldn't produce, sell or advertise anything trading at Forex. Your assets are your knowledge, experience and a small amount of cash.

This market is a platform for banks, transnational corporations and individual traders to change the currencies they possess into other ones. This is the spot Forex market. At this market you can trade with up to 1:400 leverage which means that you'll get $400 on your account for each dollar invested. So, you can trade with the $400,000 sum having invested $1,000 onto your account.

Forex is unique among other world markets because in any time of day and night, somewhere in the world, a financial centre is open for business, banks and corporations exchange currency all the time, with a little lower frequency during the weekend.

Why to trade on Forex?

1. There is no commission fee for trading at Forex.
2. There is no intermediary, you can trade directly at Forex.
3. Forex is open 24-hours a day.
4. Nobody can influence the market for a longer period.
5. High liquidity.
6. Free demo accounts, analysis and charts.
7. Small accounts that allow everyone to try out his luck.

Hope this has answered a lot of questions you were asking yourself about Forex and that you can now start trading. Also make sure that you check out other articles on this blog which can help you earn your fortune.

Good luck to everyone!