Key Overnight Developments
• New Zealand Credit Card Spending Contracts for Ninth Month
• Risky Assets Retreat as China Promises to Tighten Reserve Requirements
The Euro kept to familiar territory in overnight trading, oscillating above the 1.42 level. The British Pound traded lower, slipping below the 1.65 level once again to test as low as 1.6436.
Asia Session Highlights
New Zealand Credit Card Spending declined for the ninth consecutive month on a year-over-year basis in July, by 2.0%. This occurred as the combined debit and credit card spending figure rose 0.8%. The combination of the two pieces of data might lead one to suggest that debit card spending dominated over purchases made with credit. Such an environment would be yield-negative. A drop in the demand for borrowed funds would create incentives for banks and other lenders to drop the interest rate they charge to their customers in an effort to attract business. As such, the New Zealand Dollar could be hurt in the medium run as foreigners find that the country continues to diminish their own yield advantage over others. On balance, the decline does not necessarily indicate that New Zealanders have forfeited their shopping habits. A deeper look into the data shows that the use of credit cards abroad, by domestic residents, rose 4.5%. Tourism spending, however, may be cyclical and might not necessarily indicate that next month's figure will rise.
Risky assets retreated, boosting the safety-linked Japanese Yen and US Dollar as China Banking Regulatory Commission said it was drafting a rule change that raise reserve requirements for Chinese banks to 12%, pushing firms to rein in lending. Policymakers rushed to boost lending access at the height of the credit crunch but are now concerned that these measures may be overshooting to create a speculative bubble. The Hong Kong Stock Index promptly retreated on the announcement and other exchanges may be soon to follow considering the market’s recent focus on China as the poster-child of recovery from the global downturn, promising further gains for the Japanese unit and the greenback.
Euro Session: What to Expect
The economic calendar is decidedly bare in European hours, with Augusts’ Euro Zone Purchasing Manager Index the only notable item on the docket. Expectations call for a rise to 48.0 from 47.0 in the previous month, showing that the service and manufacturing sectors will shrink again this month, albeit at a slower pace. Indeed, the pace of contraction has steadily moderated since the index hit a record low at 36.2 in February as ample global stimulus measures as well as a widespread move to restock depleted inventories helped slow the bleeding. Both of these catalysts are inherently temporary, however, and PMI readings are likely to reverse course lower in the months ahead as the weight of rising unemployment holds back a sustainable rebound rooted in private demand.
On balance, scheduled event risk does not present meaningful market-moving potential, with currency markets likely to look to stock and commodity markets to set the tone for risk sentiment and shape directional momentum.
Written by Ilya Spivak, Currency Analyst and Luis Gil, DailyFX Research
Article Source - US Dollar, Japanese Yen to Gain as China Tightens Bank Rules (Euro Open)
What is Forex?
The foreign exchange market (Currency, Forex, or FX) is where currency trading takes place. It is where banks and other official institutions facilitate the buying and selling of foreign currencies. Forex transactions typically involve one party purchasing a quantity of one currency in exchange for paying a quantity of another. The foreign exchange market that we see today started evolving during the 1970s when world over countries gradually switched to floating exchange rate from their erstwhile exchange rate regime, which remained fixed as per the Bretton Woods system till 1971.
Today, the Forex market is one of the largest and most liquid financial markets in the world, and includes trading between large banks, central banks, currency speculators, corporations, governments, and other institutions. The average daily volume in the global foreign exchange and related markets is continuously growing. Traditional daily turnover was reported to be over US$3.2 trillion in April 2007 by the Bank for International Settlements. Since then, the market has continued to grow. According to Euromoney's annual Forex Poll, volumes grew a further 41% between 2007 and 2008.
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