8.18.2009

Euro, British Pound Fail to Build Momentum Ahead of CPI, ZEW Releases (Euro Open)

The Euro and the British Pound tried higher in Asian trading but failed to retain momentum, retreating against the US Dollar ahead of the UK Consumer Price Index and German ZEW survey of investor confidence due in European hours.

Key Overnight Developments

• RBA Weighs Risk of 'Choking' Demand If Rates Rise Too Soon
• Euro, British Pound Try Higher But Fail to Build Momentum

Critical Levels



The Euro corrected higher in Asian trading but the bulls failed to retain momentum, with the pair stalling near 1.41 ahead of the opening bell in Europe. The British Pound also tried higher to test as high as 1.6394 but reversed course late into the overnight session, yielding an effectively flat result.

Asia Session Highlights



The Reserve Bank of Australia said there is a "risk of an early tightening choking off confidence and demand prematurely" if it raises its benchmark policy rate too soon. There is some question as to whether recent improvements have been organically produced or if they have come on the back of fiscal stimulus. Indeed the bank weighed this scenario, saying that "a particular source of uncertainty was whether the recent growth in household spending was due mainly to the temporary fiscal measures," which would soon fade, or "a more general decline in risk aversion." Indeed, the bank does have a legitimate reason to worry. While Q2 spending rose by the most in nearly two years, the monthly June figure plummeted 1.4% despite expectations for an increase in retail sales of 0.5%. This downward trend is likely to continue, the bank said. In fact, their "staff liaison with retailers suggested that spending in July might be weaker than in earlier months."

The quick turnaround in rhetoric contrasts that from which RBA Chief Glenn Stevens stated at a testimony last week. In his comments, the 51-year old said that the bank would indeed raise the "emergency" level overnight cash rate once the economy began to show clear signs of recovery. More importantly, the RBA had revised it's 2009 GDP forecast significantly upward. Details released on August 7, revealed that the bank expects the Australian economy to grow by 0.5% this year - quite a contrast from the -1.0% economic contraction that had been originally anticipated. Nonetheless, the bank maintains that a strong recovery in Asia will stabilize global output. Australia's economy is still expected to grow in 2009.

Euro Session: What to Expect



July’s UK Consumer Price Index is expected to show that inflation shrank for the first month since January while the annual pace of price growth slowed to 1.5%, the lowest in over 4 years. The Bank of England has said that CPI will fall below 1% at some point in the third quarter in its quarterly inflation report published last week. From there, Mervyn King and company expect inflation to be “unusually volatile”: upward pressure is seen as past changes in energy prices drop out of year-on-year comparisons and from firms’ continued adjustments to a weaker British Pound (as compared to the peak in late 2007); meanwhile, downward pressure is seen as rising unemployment depresses wages. The central bank concluded that “inflation is more likely to be below [the 2% target level] in the medium term [than above it]”. On balance, this broad accounting of what to expect in the coming months suggests that, barring a wild deviation from the forecast, the CPI result is unlikely to prove considerably market-moving having probably been priced into the exchange rate at this point. Indeed, with interest rates already at 0.5% and a 175 billion pound quantitative easing scheme firmly in place, lending growth figures (showing the degree to which aggressive easing is filtering into the broad economy) are far more important to gauge future monetary policy than inflation data.

Turning to the continent, Germany’s ZEW Survey of investor confidence as well as the broader Euro Zone equivalent are both seen ticking higher in August, returning to levels seen in June after unexpeectedly turning lower in July. Last week, an analogous metric from the Sentix research institute ticked to the highest level in a year, with the accompanying statement saying that “the economic recovery is now being ‘discovered’ by a broader group of investors.” Still, a survey of economists polled by Bloomberg reveals that most market-watchers expect the Euro Zone to underperfrom the spectrum of industrial economies next year, so any optimism born of growing confidence that an armageddon scenario has likely been averted seems temporary at best, with European sentiment figures likely to head lower as analysts focus on questions of who will recover first.

Written by Ilya Spivak, Currency Analyst with Luis Gil, DailyFX Research
Article Source - Euro, British Pound Fail to Build Momentum Ahead of CPI, ZEW Releases (Euro Open)
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What is Forex?

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The foreign exchange market (Currency, Forex, or FX) is where currency trading takes place. It is where banks and other official institutions facilitate the buying and selling of foreign currencies. Forex transactions typically involve one party purchasing a quantity of one currency in exchange for paying a quantity of another. The foreign exchange market that we see today started evolving during the 1970s when world over countries gradually switched to floating exchange rate from their erstwhile exchange rate regime, which remained fixed as per the Bretton Woods system till 1971.

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Forex Turnover

Forex Turnover
Main foreign exchange market turnover, 1988 - 2007, measured in billions of USD.
The purpose of Forex market is to facilitate trade and investment. The need for a foreign exchange market arises because of the presence of multifarious international currencies such as US Dollar, Pound Sterling, Yen, etc., and the need for trading in such currencies. Since you aren’t buying anything physical this kind of trading can be confusing. When buying a currency think of it as buying a part in that particular country’s economy because the currency rate reflects the economical situation of the country when compared to others.

Currencies

Currencies
List of most popular currencies on the Forex market

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